rugs and rug making : all you need to know about rugs quality and types

Oriental rugs
Adding an Oriental rug to a room brings a sense of eastern mystique and exoticism. These impressive rugs have deep, rich colors, recognizable patterns, and detailed craftsmanship. Having one or more than one in your home is a luxury that is hard to pass up. Knowing the distinguishing features of oriental rugs will help you find your way through this magical maze and ensure that the rug you take home is the full package, a true work of art.
Remember that oriental rugs are always hand-woven. While some machine rugs may share similar color palettes and design motifs with Oriental rugs, those woven on a machine cannot be considered authentic Oriental rugs. They are beautiful, with intricate designs and vivid colors, but they are not authentic oriental rugs. Any rug not woven by hand cannot be considered a genuine Oriental rug.
Genuine Oriental rugs are easily recognizable by their distinctive hand-knotted knots that secure the pile to the foundation. This is a process that cannot be automated. The nap is merely affixed between the weft and the foundational threads when manufactured mechanically. No knots are holding it together. This can significantly impact both the beauty and durability of the finished rug.
Another distinguishing feature of oriental rugs is that they usually employ all-natural materials in their construction. Genuine Oriental rugs were traditionally woven from the finest quality sheep’s wool.
There’s a good reason why people frequently refer to fine Oriental rugs as “pieces of art.” These rugs are beautiful to look at, and, like other pieces of art, they grow in value with time. The value of antique rugs has consistently risen over time. If you’re looking for a rug, know that the older it is, the more it will cost. This is because as the rug ages, the colors blend and soften, giving it a unique appearance that can’t be replicated with a brand-new rug.

Persian rugs
Rugs manufactured in Iran are known as Persian rugs. The traditional rugs each have their own special knot that will make your floor appear amazing. They’re fantastic because they last a long time, are soft and cozy, and are available in many different styles, colors, and patterns.
The rugs are typically constructed from wool, though cotton options are available. Common types of wool include camel hair, kork, and Manchester.
Most antique Persian rugs are woven from the silk. The stunning appearance comes at a high price and reduced durability.
Persian rugs typically include wool and cotton in their construction. Carpets made from camel hair can also be found in places like Hamadan and Kurdistan. Silk is commonly used to produce finely knotted ones in areas like Qom and Tabriz, which are well-known for their carpets. The weft of an authentic Iranian rug is made of thousands of knots, and the warp is made of strings. Most are available in a rainbow of colors and feature flowery patterns. Borders frequently employing repeated Herati patterns of flowers, living creatures, or human figures are also highly prized examples of Persian motifs. Different parts of Iran have different styles, motifs, and even color palettes.

Turkish rugs
Rugs made in Turkey, also called Anatolian rugs, are widely regarded as among the finest in the world. This is because the rug is strengthened by being double-knotted, and each strand of yarn is looped twice. Produced by knotting wool, silk, or rayon threads between adjacent pairs of warp threads in a frame and then compressing at least one row of wefts to make rows of loops.
In a short amount of time, the production of rugs—from the flat weavings known as kilim to the more traditional hand-knotted rugs—became an industry and began to represent Turkey internationally. These exquisite handmade carpets trace their roots back to the weaving customs brought to Anatolia by Turks migrating from Central Asia. Not only are they sold locally and internationally, but they are also utilized to cover the pile-woven ground or wall in homes. The ethnic, religious, and cultural diversity and the aesthetic language of Turkish culture are all reflected in the popularity of these rugs thanks to their stunning designs, luxurious colors, and fantastic weaving.
The Turkish knot (also known as the Gördes knot or the symmetrical knot) and the Iranian knot are the two most common knotting methods used in hand-knotted carpets. Rugs woven with the Turkish knot are most common in Turkey, Azerbaijan, and Western and Northwest Iran.
As a result of the double knot technique employed in the production of Turkish rugs, the rug will not become entirely untied or lose its design in the event of abrasions. The Iranian knot, however, has only one knot. Thus any wear and tear will eventually obscure the design. As a result, if you want your weaving to last for a very long time, you should go for double knotting.

Antique rugs
Antique rugs are among the most expensive options available. Rugs like these are often crafted by hand using various materials like wool and silk. The animals and plants depicted on them are unique to each region and each culture that created them.
The dustiness and the small holes might add to the rug’s antique charm if they are consistent with its age. Minor wear and tear are acceptable when shopping for a vintage rug. Do not purchase the rug, though, if you discover that it has holes or frays that won’t go away.
Buying an ancient rug is like using time travel. Never buy an antique rug without first finding out how old it is. The rug should be at least 50 years old. Your eyes should be able to reveal this to you.
To determine if the rug was woven by hand, you can flip it over and look for the few large knots that indicate flaws. Though the large knots aren’t always evenly spaced, a consistent pattern might reveal that they weren’t machine-made.
Living room rugs
A well-placed rug can be a visual boundary between different room areas. It makes otherwise cold surfaces, like tile or hardwood flooring, feel more inviting. It can be tricky to pick the most suitable rug for your room.
If you want to add a bit of flair to your living room, don’t go with a rug that’s too small. There are a few standard dimensions for an area rug:
• 6 x 9 feet
• 8 x 10 feet
• 9 x 12 feet
• 10 x 14 feet
You can always order one if you need a specific size to fit your living room. There is a general rule of thumb regarding where to put an area rug in a living room, regardless of size. It is as follows: Usually, an area rug needs between 4 and 8 inches of bare floor on each side.
Color and Pattern
The flooring significantly influences a living room’s overall appearance. Consider these suggestions while shopping for a rug for your living room:
• Picking out a patterned area rug is a great way to inject some life and personality into a space.
• It’s easier to conceal dirt and spills on a dark-colored, patterned area rug.
• A neutral-colored, solid-color area rug is an excellent choice for an otherwise diverse space.
Material and Texture
Consider the desired underfoot feel and the level of upkeep you’re willing to provide for your area rug.
• Wool: Wool is a natural fiber that improves the look and feels of an area rug by making the floor more inviting and comfortable.
• Cotton: Many popular types of flat woven area rugs are constructed from cotton, lending a cozy and relaxed atmosphere to a family room.
• Synthetics: Many of the same features may be found in rugs made of nylon or polyester. Nylon rugs last longer than polyester ones. However, both are available in different styles and colors, are resistant to fading and stains, and require no effort to care for.
• Hides: Hides are among the most durable rugs you can buy for your home. Over the long period that a cowhide area rug is expected to last, it does not require extensive upkeep or frequent deep cleanings because of its resistance to mold and dust.
• Viscose: Viscose, commonly known as rayon, is an artificial textile that can be treated to mimic the feel, look, and shine of natural fibers like silk or wool.

Dining room rugs
The correct rug may completely transform a dull dining room into a welcoming space.

Size
The rule of thumb for dining room rugs is to match the rug’s dimensions to the table’s.
If you take out a table and chairs, your rug should be large enough to accommodate everyone. When the table is fully expanded, this usually means an extra 24 to 30 inches on each side.

Table and Rug Design
The design of your rug should traditionally match the shape of your dining room table. So, if you have a round table, a round rug will look best beneath it. If you have a rectangular table, a rectangular rug will look best under it. Suppose your rug is shaped similarly to your table. In that case, it will create a pleasing frame around the furniture and help bring the area together visually.

Styles and Materials
The choice of style is entirely up to you. However, dining rooms have specific requirements that must be met.
The best rugs for the dining room should have a low pile or flatweave and made from durable synthetic materials like polypropylene or quality natural fibers. Low-pile rugs are not only easier to slide chairs over, but they are also way more durable and easier to maintain and clean.

Bedroom rugs
The softness and comfort of the bed are maintained even when feet touch the floor, thanks to the bedroom rug under the bed. An area rug in the bedroom can help soften the space, disguise unpleasant carpet or floor stains, and even act as a sound barrier.

Size
If you want to sit on the side of the bed and put your feet up on the carpet without moving the rug, it should extend at least 2 feet from all sides of the bed.

Style
Due to the bedroom’s status as a private, secluded area with fewer visitors, it is an ideal location for a calming reading nook. There is a wide variety of rug designs to choose from, so you can personalize the space to suit the tastes of the people living there. Efforts can be made to ensure both comfort and luxury.
Choose a rug in a neutral hue if your bedroom is spacious.
Area rugs with vivid patterns are an excellent choice for a room decorated in muted tones, and a striped rug is perfect for a small bedroom. Rugs with a striped pattern are a great way to expand the visual space of a room while also adding a lovely geometric touch.

Material
You have a lot of options in terms of material because of all the many color and pattern combinations available. Rugs with a higher pile height are more comfortable, while those with a lower pile height are easier to maintain.
Rugs made of silk or viscose will make your space look elegant. However, if you plan on having a pet at home, you should avoid silk and viscose rugs because their patterns might snag on the claws of pets, resulting in early carpet wear.
Rugs made of wool or polypropylene will last a long time and are a breeze to clean and maintain.
Rugs woven from nylon or cotton can be purchased for next to nothing. They last longer and may be washed in the washing machine if they get dirty. Therefore, the purpose for which the rug is purchased must be considered.

Area rugs
A carpet much smaller than the room itself is called an area rug. The most common sizes for area rugs are 5′ x 8′ and 8′ x 11′, but they can also be found in a wide range of other shapes and sizes. While some area rugs have irregular, organic shapes, others are geometric (often rectangular or circular in design) (such as sheepskin or cowhide area rugs).
Unlike other types of flooring, area rugs can be effortlessly relocated. Because of their portability and the wide range of colors, patterns, and textures available, area rugs are a versatile design element that can be used virtually any room. Many people use area rugs to “bring the room together” and make a statement immediately.
Now that you understand what an area rug is and how it can be used, now is the time to find out how it can improve the aesthetics of your home.
• Reduce the noise level. Rugs can reduce the amount of noise in a room thanks to their sound-dampening properties. That’s great news for people who have kids and pets.
• Avoid causing harm to your floors. Sharp or heavy objects, such as furniture or a pet’s claws, can cause deep, unsightly scratches on your floors. In this case, a beautiful and easy solution is available as an area rug.
• Create a cozy and warm atmosphere. It’s no secret that heating costs can add up in the winter, especially if you reside in a cooler section of the country. Area rugs are an inexpensive way to increase the coziness of your home while reducing the amount of energy needed to heat it.

Runner rugs
You’ll typically find runner rugs in high-traffic areas like hallways, stairwells, and foyers. They often take on a square or rectangle form, while some take on ovaloid or even more unusual configurations. There are various materials and styles used to create these floor coverings.
Runner rugs come in many distinct designs. Even though runner rugs in a single color are common, other rugs often include eye-catching multicolored patterns. Sunburst patterns are frequently used in hallway rugs that serve as entrances or foyer accents. The shape of a runner rug can be accentuated with a specific color pattern and palette to create a fan design, which is another typical pattern.
Runner rugs, in general, offer several advantages for indoor settings. They are useful for preventing wear and tear on hardwood floors and other types of hard flooring from heavy foot traffic. They make a house (or any other building) more welcoming to guests and residents. These carpets also provide good traction when used with the appropriate safety elements, which assist reduce the rug’s slippage on the floor. One of the crucial things to remember when utilizing these types of rugs is to put a thin piece of traction material underneath the rug.
Runner rugs are great alternatives to carpeting in smaller rooms. A homeowner or building owner may not want to invest in permanently installed carpeting for an irregularly shaped or sized room because they view it as too permanent, too expensive, or too difficult to install. A runner rug is a convenient way to “carpet” such an area without the hassle of permanent installation.

Rug sizes guide
The rug’s dimensions in a room should be chosen following the room’s intended function. A rug may function as either a primary design element or a secondary decorative piece. It can serve to merge, extend, or partition a space. How you intend to use the space will determine the primary focus of the design.
8X10, 9X12 and Above
These sizes can be lumped into a single classification because their structures are similar. In a typical arrangement, you’ll find that most of the furniture’s legs are resting on a rug. This setup is meant to restrict a specific space. It unifies the look of the surrounding pieces of furniture. It creates a visual barrier between the area and the rest of the room.
5X8 and 6X9
Rugs with dimensions of 5×8 and 6×9 are experiencing a resurgence in popularity as people downsize their living spaces. They can often be used in place of one another, expanding the designer’s creative potential. The furniture isolates itself from the rug in a standard setup, particularly in 5×8. Because of the constraints of apartment living, 6×9 and 5×8 rugs are very rarely used in a conventional dining setup. Our favorite layouts have the table close to the wall or window. As a bonus, this solution minimizes clutter and allows more natural light to reach the dinner table.

4X6 and Below
Different rooms in your house call for different sizes, which are perfect for those situations. You might not give a rug much thought, but I promise you, it will transform the room.

Rug texture guide
Understanding the various carpet textures available is essential if you are considering putting carpeting in your home. There is a suitable carpet for nearly every room in your home, whether you want something soft and fluffy under your bare feet before bed or something more sturdy where lots of kids and pets pass through.

Level Loop Pile
Carpets with a level loop pile have a uniform, uncut loop piles that produce a smooth, uniform texture. While the rug is less comfortable due to its tight loops, it is ideal for high-traffic areas and commercial office spaces since it hides vacuum marks and footprints.

Berber
The term “Berber carpet” can refer to various rugs and flooring types, but most commonly refers to a Level Loop pile constructed of thicker yarn in a neutral color with specks of color. It’s perfect for high-traffic locations because the loops won’t wear out as quickly. Additionally, the color diversity helps to conceal dirt and stains. Berber carpets aren’t as durable as Level Loop and tend to collect dirt and wear more quickly.

Cut and Loop Pile
This carpet style is well-liked since it can easily withstand moderate to heavy foot traffic and doesn’t crush easily. Cut & Loop combines cut and looped yarns, giving a lovely patterned effect and surface texture.

Velvet and Plush
Cut Loop piles with a finer twist, like velvet and plush carpets, are most appropriate for low-traffic areas because of their supple, velvet-like feel. This is ideal for use in living and sleeping quarters because it displays traffic patterns. This pile type is typically found in area rugs.

Saxony
Another form of plush and dense Cut Loop flooring is Saxony. Saxony carpets have longer pile lengths. The carpet piles in this style are tightly packed and twisted, standing on end.

Friezé
Friezé, like Saxony, is a longer Cut Loop pile, but the tightly twisted piles lie in numerous directions, giving the carpet a less uniform appearance and lending it a more casual air.

Multi-Level Loop Pile
Multi-Level Loop’s randomized texture, achieved by stacking piles of varying heights, is well suited for busy public spaces and professional workplaces.

Rug Cleaning Guide

Gather These Tools
To clean an area rug effectively, you’ll need the following materials on hand:
• Rug shampoo
• Bucket
• Soft-bristle brush or sponge
• Water
• Good Quality Rubber Gloves
• Garden hose (optional)
• Hybrid wet/dry vacuum

Clean up Any Debris and Dirt
Carefully vacuum both sides of the rug. You must remove every last scrap of trash. The brush attachment helps remove any remaining pet hair.

Blend Your Cleaning Solution
Use rug shampoo for absolute cleaning. Be sure to combine your shampoo according to the instructions provided on the bottle.
Alternatively, you can mix mild detergent in a warm water bucket. Rugs are easily damaged by the use of hot water, which can cause them to shrink or fade.

Perform a Color Test
Make sure the cleanser won’t cause the colors to run before you begin scrubbing. Make sure the solution is colorfast by testing it on a small rug section. If there is no noticeable bleeding of color, then it is safe to proceed.

Wash your Rug
Get a lather on the rug with the cleaning solution and a sponge or soft bristle brush. For best results, let the cleaner stay on the rug for five minutes before you begin rinsing. When cleaning, anything less than that will not do the job properly. Allow it five minutes to take effect and begin removing dust.

Rinse
Using a garden hose or buckets, thoroughly rinse the rug to remove all traces of soap. Ensure the water that runs off the rug is clean and free of any cleaning solution.

Get Rid of the Extra Water
Now that the rug has been washed, it’s time to remove as much excess water as possible to hasten the drying process. If you have a wet-dry vacuum or squeegee, you can use one to clean up the nap.

Dry the Rug
To complete the cleaning of an area rug, the next step is to let it dry. Lay the rug flat and let the top of the rug fully dry. After that, you can dry the underside by flipping it over. The use of fans can accelerate the process. Before you put the rug back in the room, check to see that it is completely dry.

Vacuum or Brush
Fibers and threads can become crushed and tangled while being cleaned. Brush them with a soft bristles brush or run a vacuum over the dry rug to bring them back to life.

How much do handmade rugs cost?
The price of a rug can be affected not only by its size but also by its material and quality. You can spend $400 or more on a decent rug or $10,000 or more on a truly exceptional one.
Figuring out how much to pay for a handmade rug is a lot like trying to put a value on a painting. Neither is a simple undertaking. Many considerations are involved:
A. Size: Larger carpets cost more than smaller ones because of their higher material and labor costs.
B. Materials: Rugs can be created from either synthetic or natural fibers, and the price of the rug will vary depending on the materials used. One of the least expensive options is synthetic fiber polypropylene. Nylon, a stain-resistant synthetic material, ranks somewhere in the middle. Wool, on the other hand, a natural material and one of the most durable alternatives, is a costly option. Silk is yet another extravagant and pricey option.
C. Construction: Rugs can be tufted by machine, knotted by machine, or hand-knotted, all of which are examples of the construction methods used. The most wallet-friendly option is a machine-knotted rug. Because of the incorporation of some human labor, machine-made tufted fall in the middle of the price spectrum. The most luxurious choice is a hand-knotted rug, which is also the most time-consuming to create.

How to identify the best quality rugs?
It can be challenging to narrow down your rug choices when you’re in the market for an area rug, but ultimately, you want one that works well with your decor, stands the test of time, and is reasonably priced. Here are some suggestions for how to spot high-quality carpets and what to look for while purchasing one.

KPSI: Knots Per Square Inch (KPSI)
A rug’s quality, density, and longevity are all based on the number of knots used in its construction. A rug with fewer knots has a looser weave, and a rug with a looser weave wears out more quickly and shows wear and tear from foot traffic and general use.

Design Details
The time and effort spent making an Oriental rug by hand vary widely from one design studio to the next and from one country to the next. Iranian weavers have honed their craft to the point where genuine Persian rugs are universally regarded as the best in the world. A clear and exact pattern results from extra time and effort put in by hand.

Quality of Wool
The finest area rugs are hand-woven with Turkish or Persian wool, regardless of where the rug was created. The quality of the end product from nations like India, Pakistan, and China can be enhanced by importing fine wool. Sheep reared in Turkey for their wool are fed a special diet designed to improve the quality of the wool.

Color
Wool is transformed from natural white and brown tones into a rainbow of brilliant and rich colors using various dyes. You should check the rug’s dyes to ensure they are organic vegetable dyes or high-quality pigments before making a purchase.

How to put rugs in different rooms?
No, regardless of how often you measure, finding a rug that is aesthetically pleasing and precisely the correct size might be challenging. Here are some guidelines for laying rugs in your home’s rooms

Dining room
The eating experience as a whole matters most when deciding where to put a rug in the dining room. The rug should be centered under the table, and its size should accommodate all the chairs. For a more accurate measurement, move the chairs away from the table and record the resulting area; this will help you choose a rug that will fit properly under your table.

Living room
It’s more challenging to determine where to put a rug in a living room, but the answer still comes down to room dimensions and furniture layout.
There are two options to consider for compact living rooms: Under the coffee table or if you’re aiming to make your space feel larger, you’ll definitely want a bigger rug that fits all furniture to unify the space. A smaller rug (for example, a 5′ by 8′) can circulate in the room in between the furniture.
If you have a medium-sized room, an 8-foot by 10-foot rug will work great as long as you arrange your large, anchor pieces of furniture (such as your sofa) so that only the front legs rest on the rug.
A larger rug (say, 9 feet by 13 feet) can define a room’s boundaries. All of the furniture should then be set down directly on the rug.

Bedroom
The size of your bed should determine the size of your bedroom furniture. An 8′ by 10′ rug works best under a queen bed, while a 9′ by 12′ rug is preferable under a king. For a full, a 5′ × 8′ rug should do the job.
There are several possibilities for where to put the rug, but tucking it under the bed is a common choice.
Put runners on either side of the bed if you don’t want to buy a full-sized area rug, for that matter, under the bed or anywhere else in the bedroom. No matter how big your room (or bed) is, you’ll still enjoy the same plush sensation upon stepping onto the floor in the morning.

Rug Types

Jajim
Jajims are woven in square shapes, and their distinctive vertical stripe patterns make them easy to spot. Iranian carpets are flat woven on a horizontal loom and resemble kilims. It’s unclear when precisely these ancient textiles were first woven.

Yalameh
The diamond geometric patterns on the high-quality tribal rugs from Yalameh have made them famous worldwide. Yalameh rugs are distinguished by their fine, soft wool pile atop a cotton foundation, which sets them apart from other tribal designs. Large, repeating diamonds form a distinctive pattern in a row down the carpet, and geometric animal or human prints are frequently scattered across the field.

Kayseri
A rug or carpet woven in or near the city of Kayseri in central Turkey is known as a Kayseri rug. Rugs made here in the 20th century are the most well-known, as they were designed for the mass market of tourists and naive collectors.
They are usually wool, silk, mercerized cotton, or the more modern rayon. They are free imitations of Ghiordes, Persian, or Cairene designs. Typically, any inscriptions found on these rugs will be completely unreadable.

Anatolian
Turkish carpets, known as Anatolian rugs, are woven in the Anatolian peninsula and surrounding regions. Anatolian rugs are knotted by hand and woven in a pile, unlike the flat weave of a kilim rug. You can put them on the floor or even hang them on the wall.

Oushak
Antique Oushak rugs (sometimes spelled Ushak) are from Western Turkey and are distinguished by their geometric large-scale floral design. They usually present a peaceful, subdued appearance. Rugs with a geometric large-scale floral design are typical of antique Oushak (or Ushak) rugs, originally woven in Western Turkey. They usually have a pleasant, calm appearance.

Sivas
Room-sized Turkish rugs from the Sivas region are widely regarded as some of the best examples of Turkey rug weaving art. Sivas carpets are typically intricately woven, with medallion and allover motifs incorporating palmettes and vine scrolls, in a classically rooted Persian idiom.

Sparta
The Persian knot is used in the weaving of Spartan rugs. The dense wool used in their construction is an aesthetic and practical choice. It has elaborate fields of blue and pink around a central medallion pattern. The rug’s floral border motif is carried throughout the design.

Azerbaijan
An Azerbaijani carpet would have: Over the years, the original color palettes and patterns have been passed down and preserved. These rugs have a great value and they are covered with diverse designs and motifs, which are used to embellish the walls and floors of marquees, residences, huts, and nomads’ tents of Azerbaijan.

Hereke
Hereke carpets, made in Turkey between the late 19th and early 20th centuries, are the pinnacle of historic Turkish rug craftsmanship in terms of elegance and delicacy. The Hereke workshops, which drew inspiration from the court carpets of Safavid Iran and Ottoman Turkey, upheld a platinum level of design and weaving technique, especially in their silk rugs, which authentically recreated the luxurious beauty of the classical past.

Turkoman-Style
Turkmen rugs are easily recognizable due to their dominant dark red color scheme and recurring blue, black, and ivory ‘gul’ print designs. The pile is low, and the wool is durable and comfortable.

Mahal-style
Mahal Oriental rugs were created in families’ homes across this small village in Northwest Persia. They mimic nomadic and tribal rugs with a loose to moderate weave and a slightly thicker pile.

Mashad
The pile is thin and tight, and the wool used is soft. Curvilinear carpets with a single center medallion often have dark red, blue, and khaki; the corners often feature flower illustrations, and floral motifs frequently appear in the background. Mashad rugs have many characteristics to Kashan rugs, but they can be easily distinguished by their extended corners, which can even extend beyond the rug’s borders.

Kazak
Kazak rugs have a distinctive geometric composition and tribal style. Medallions, rosettes, hooked polygons, diamonds, crosses, and depictions of animals, birds, trees, and humans are all examples of common patterns.

Zanjan
A Zanjan rug is one woven in the Zanjan province of Iran. Nomadic Persian tribes in the north create various exquisite tribal rugs. Most of the time, the hues used in making these rugs are vivid and vibrant. The rugs are high quality and last for many years.

Baluch
The Baloch people of Afghanistan and eastern Iran are known for their intricately woven carpets, known as Baluchi rugs. These carpets feature a wide variety of patterns, some of which are only repeated motifs placed in a diagonal arrangement. A few of them have a tangle of latch-hooked shapes.

Pakistan
Pakistani rugs, commonly known as carpets, are heavy textile floor covers with a long history of being hand-knotted in Pakistan and utilized for many practical and symbolic uses. The art and craft of carpet and rug weaving are deeply ingrained in Pakistani society.

India Oriental
Oriental rugs from India are often woven with cotton, silk, and wool. They frequently use red, green, and yellow, as well as other warm earth tones, and occasionally use pastels. Swirling vines, other plants, and sometimes birds or even humans are used as design elements.

Kerman Style
Perhaps the most well-known type of antique Persian rug is a Kerman carpet or rug. Kerman carpets and rugs often feature a central medallion in the field surrounded by a floral or architectural design on the main border.

New Zealand Oriental
New Zealand rugs, or New Zealand Oriental Turnout rugs, are waterproof horse carpets designed for use in the field. They provide any room with a stylish and inviting glow. Compared to machine-made carpets, these are among the finest options for decorating a home or other interior space.

Chobi
Afghans near the border with Pakistan create Chobi rugs in the Persian style. Hand-knotted Chobi rugs are constructed to last for many years. Because they are woven on looms in urban and rural centers, Chobi rugs are renowned for their superior craftsmanship. Chobi carpets, thanks to the use of weaving machines, have a beautiful symmetrical appearance.

Sarouk
Another excellent option for a rug is a Sarouk rug, which can be found on the Persian rug market. Sarouk carpets, which have their roots in Iran, are highly sought after because of their eye-catching patterns and high-quality cotton construction. The Sarouk carpet is among the finest and best examples of Iranian carpet design.
Sarab
Sarab rugs are made in the town of Sarab, Azerbaijain Province, Northwest Persia. Sarab rugs stand out because of their unique runner and carpet-like length.

Khoye-Style
In the Traditional Khoye Style, a Hand-Knotted Iran is home to handmade Khoye rugs. The flower design with central medallion patterns in wool-cotton foundation characterizes most examples of this type of rug.

Chinese Oriental
In ancient times, Chinese weavers wove the first carpets for the imperial court. About two thousand years ago. Rugs from the past take their inspiration from porcelain paintings and silk weavings. For example, you can notice the Taoist and Buddhist influences in how the dragons jump out at you from the carpet. Modern knotting techniques, similarly oriented to Persian models, are used to make carpets today.

Gabbeh
The Persian name for this carpet style is Gabbeh. A thick pile, natural dyes, and a basic design characterize these rugs. Women of the Qashqai tribes in southwestern Persia created the first Gabbeh carpets.

Kars
Woven Kars rugs come from the Turkish city of Kars and its surrounding countryside in the country’s upper northeast. Rug-making dates back to as least the 16th century in this region. It’s easy to make out the patterns on Kars rugs, too. Praying arches and medallions are two recurring design elements.

Sultanabad
Arak, Iran (previously known as Soltân bâd or Sultanabad) has been producing rugs and carpets with a unique designs since the 19th century.

Malayer-Style
The vast carpet-weaving region that begins south of Hamadan and stretches into North Luristan is the source of the Malayer or Malayir rug. Different rug patterns can be found everywhere. Single-wefted, the rugs are coarser or finer than most Hamadan rugs. They are typically made with high-quality wool and have a sturdy build.

Shirahz
Shiraz carpets are the most basic type of Persian carpet, woven from local wool. Knot densities of 80-160,000 are achieved during natural material processing. Most of these carpets are made in traditional nomadic workshops. The Ghaschghai-nomadic people who make their home in the region around the city have a rich history of making rugs.

Mizdakhan-style
Near the Uzbek city of Xojayli in Karakalpakstan is the archaeological site of Mizdahkan, once home to the ancient Iranian Khwarazmians. They produce rare rugs of almost good quality.

Ardebil-Style
Rugs called Ardebil or Ardabil are made in Iran’s northern region, not far from the Caspian Sea. Patterns in this rug style are typically geometric, like in traditional kilims and carpets made by nomads. As opposed to other Persian carpets, their knot density is quite large.

Hamadan
Rugs made in and around Hamadan, a city in western Iran, are known for their superior quality and intricate hand-weaving. The term “Hamadan” refers to a broad variety of rugs woven across a vast territory, as opposed to a specific type from a single province or city, as is the case with most other rug terms.

Tabriez-Style
Tabriz rugs are a subset of Persian carpets originating in Tabriz, the capital of East Azarbaijan Province in northwest Iran. A vast array of carpet styles are produced in this, one of the world’s oldest rug weaving centers.

Hossein Abad
Semi-nomadic people in a village near Hamadan with the same name weave rugs known as Hosseinabad or Hussainabad. They typically feature a complex design with an elaborate medallion in the middle. The primary colors are scarlet, navy, and ivory.

Heriz-Style
The Heriz design school is illustrative of the classic geometric patterns found in the region of Northwest Persia known as Heriz. These unique rugs are woven in tribal patterns that highlight the angles and aggressiveness of the highly stylized flower designs. These classic Oriental rugs tend to have a more macho vibe than modern carpets.

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